This Day in History… November 25, 1864

U.S. #C38 – One New York paper called the plot, “one of the most fiendish and inhuman acts known to modern times.”

Confederates Burn Manhattan

On November 25, 1864, a group of Confederate operatives set several fires in New York City, as retaliation for damage done in the South by Union troops.

Though far away from the battlefields and bloodshed, New York City was a hotbed of activity during the Civil War. Early on, the South had hoped it would secede and join them as a city state. In July 1863, the New York Draft Riots claimed 119 lives. Weary soldiers from Gettysburg marched into the city to end the riots. After that, Major General John Dix was given military control of the city.

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This Day in History… November 24, 1784

U.S. #179 – Taylor “Bank Note” stamp that covered the rate to foreign countries in the Universal Postal Union.

Zachary Taylor Born

Zachary Taylor, the 12th President of the United States, was born near Barboursville, Virginia on November 24, 1784.

In 1785, Taylor’s family moved near Louisville where his father, Richard Taylor, an officer in the Revolutionary War, had been granted 6,000 acres of land for his military service. There were no schools in this frontier area, so Taylor studied with private tutors.

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This Day in History… November 23, 1804

U.S. #819 from the popular Presidential Series of 1938.

Birth of President Franklin Pierce

Franklin Pierce was born in Hillsborough, New Hampshire, on November 23, 1804.

Pierce was the only U.S. President to hail from New Hampshire. Franklin’s father, Benjamin Pierce, was a decorated Revolutionary War veteran and active in state politics, including two terms as governor. At the age of 12, Franklin Pierce was sent to Hancock Academy to study. Pierce reportedly became homesick and walked home fourteen miles barefoot. His father drove him halfway back to the academy, abandoning Pierce on the side of the road without uttering a word.

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This Day in History… November 22, 1963

U.S. #1287 – For many Americans, his administration gave hope for a better future.

President Kennedy Killed

On November 22, 1963, President Kennedy was assassinated while campaigning in Dallas, Texas.

John Kennedy brought an air of optimism to the White House and the country. He seemed to be made for the age of television, and the media and public were interested in his presidency and young family. His first year in office was difficult and some of his decisions accented his lack of political experience.

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This Day in History… November 21, 1905

U.S. #1285 – Einstein published more than 300 scientific papers during his lifetime.

Einstein’s Greatest Breakthrough

On November 21, 1905, Einstein published a paper that presented one of the world’s most famous formulas . . . E = mc2.

One of the greatest scientific minds in human history, Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, Württemberg, Germany in 1879. Although he was very successful in the end, Einstein occasionally faced adversity. Not always a great student, he had a teacher who told him that nothing would ever become of him. Then, after graduating with teaching credentials, he couldn’t find a job in his field. He finally found a position as a clerk, and although this was not his chosen profession, it left him time to research and write about his theory of relativity.

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This Day in History… November 20, 1889

U.S. #4226 – In his later years, Hubble campaigned to have astronomy seen as an area of physics for Nobel Prize consideration. The change wasn’t adopted until shortly after his death.

Birth of Astronomer Edwin Hubble

On November 20, 1889, one of the world’s most renowned astronomers, Edwin Hubble, was born.

Hubble was born in Missouri and later moved to Illinois. As a child, he was a gifted athlete with an interest in science, though his grades didn’t always reflect his brilliance. He concentrated on mathematics and astronomy at the University of Chicago before studying at The Queen’s College in Oxford, England, as a Rhodes Scholar. He nearly gave up a career in science when he changed his academic focus to law, at his father’s request.

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