This Day in History… November 13, 1956

U.S. #3937e – Over 17,500 African Americans boycotted the Montgomery buses during the year-long strike.

Supreme Court Rules Bus Segregation Illegal

The Civil Rights Movement took a major step forward on November 13, 1956, when the Supreme Court ruled that the bus segregation in Montgomery, Alabama, was unconstitutional.

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This Day in History… November 12, 1929

U.S. #2749 – Based on a publicity portrait taken for Country Girl, this stamp was engraved by the world-renowned Czslaw Slania.

Happy Birthday, Grace Kelly

Actress, philanthropist, and Princess Grace Kelly was born on November 12, 1929.

Grace Kelly was born into an affluent family. Her father was an Olympic gold medalist and her mother was a model and first female athletics coach at the University of Pennsylvania. She began acting and modeling as a child, earning the lead in a school play at the age of 12. Against her parent’s wishes, Kelly embarked on an acting career, studying at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in New York. She had her Broadway debut while still a student, appearing in The Father.

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This Day in History… November 11, 1918

U.S. #2154 – This image was based on a drawing of U.S. troops at the Second Battle of the Marne.

Armistice Ends World War I Fighting

On the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month (November 11, 1918), the world’s warring nations agreed to cease fighting, bringing about the end of the Great War.

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This Day in History… November 10, 1775

U.S. #1567 – The National Museum of the Marine Corps opened on this date in 2006 in Triangle, Virginia.

Founding of the U.S. Marine Corps

The forerunner of the United States Marines was established on November 10, 1775, in the midst of the American Revolutionary War.

The earliest American Marines served with the British in the 1730s. Some 3,000 American colonists were recruited to serve with Admiral Edward Vernon’s fleet for service off the coast of South America. When hostilities there ended, the Colonial Marines were disbanded. They were recalled to service several times in the ensuing years and by the start of the Revolutionary War there were still some 4,500 Americans serving in the Colonial Marines.

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This Day in History… November 9, 1906

U.S. #602 – During the visit, Roosevelt was photographed operating a large steam shovel, which helped boost morale.

Roosevelt Takes First Presidential Trip Outside U.S.

On November 9, 1906, Theodore Roosevelt visited the Panama Canal Zone, marking the first time a sitting U.S. President visited another country.

Proposals for a canal across Nicaragua or Panama began as early as 1889. United States public opinion of the canal was generally unfavorable until 1898, when an explosion aboard the Maine sank the battleship at a Cuban naval base. As the Spanish-American War loomed, the battleship Oregon sailed through San Francisco’s Golden Gates to save the day. The eyes of the world were on its 16,000-mile course around Cape Horn and through the dangerous Straits of Magellan. The 67-day journey clearly showed the military significance of an isthmian canal. However, President McKinley was assassinated before he could negotiate rights to a canal.

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This Day in History… November 8, 1978

U.S. #2839 – Rockwell’s famous Triple Self-Portrait, created in 1960.

Death of Acclaimed Illustrator Norman Rockwell

On November 8, 1978, the world lost one of its most prolific artists – Norman Rockwell.

Norman Rockwell was born in New York, New York in 1894. His illustrations were first published in Founders of Our Country in 1912. That same year, he was hired as a staff artist for Boys’ Life magazine, the official publication of the Boy Scouts of America. In this role, he received $50 a month to produce a cover and a set of story illustrations. The following year at just 19 years old, Rockwell was promoted to art editor for the magazine. In addition to creating his own art for the publication, he also supervised the work assigned to other artists.

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