This Day in History… June 7, 1942

Allies Win Battle of Midway

U.S. #2697g – The U.S. lost the Yorktown and 1 destroyer while the Japanese lost four aircraft carriers and a heavy cruiser.

US #2697g – The US lost the Yorktown and one destroyer while the Japanese lost four aircraft carriers and a heavy cruiser.

On June 7, 1942, the Allies won the Battle of Midway in the Pacific, turning the tide of the war.

Shortly after the attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941, the Japanese began mapping out a plan to take down America’s carrier forces.  Realizing Pearl Harbor was now too well defended, they set their sights northwest on Midway Island, at the end of the Hawaiian Island chain.

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This Day in History… June 6, 1886

Dr. Paul Dudley White

US #2170 from the Great Americans Series.

Doctor Paul Dudley White was born on June 6, 1886, in Roxbury, Massachusetts.

White developed an interest in medicine at an early age, when he accompanied his father, a family doctor, on house calls in his horse and buggy.  Dudley went on to attend the Roxbury Latin School and Harvard College, before earning his M.D. from Harvard Medical School in 1911.

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This Day in History… June 5, 1887

Birth of Ruth Benedict

US #2938 paid the international airmail rate to Canada and Mexico.

Anthropologist Ruth Fulton Benedict was born on June 5, 1887, in New York City, New York.

Benedict’s father died when she was very young and her mother was grief stricken over it for the rest of her life.  These experiences instilled in Benedict an interest in grief and how it was processed by different cultures.

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This Day in History… June 4, 1940

The Miracle of Dunkirk 

US #940 was issued to honor all those that served in WWII.

On June 4, 1940, over 338,000 Allied troops were evacuated from the beaches of Dunkirk after being cut off and surrounded there for weeks.

After Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, the United Kingdom sent the British Expeditionary Force to help defend France.  There they fought alongside the Belgian Army and the French First, Seventh, and Ninth Armies.

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This Day in History… June 3, 1770

Carmel Mission

US #4650 was issued to cover the Express Mail Rate.

On June 3, 1770, Franciscan friar Junipero Serra delivered the first church service at the Carmel Mission.

Born in Majorca, Spain, Serra was sent by the Spanish emperor to establish a series of missions in present-day California.  The missions were founded to establish permanent settlements, prevent Russians from encroaching in the region, and spread Christianity to the native Indians.

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This Day in History… June 2, 1731

Happy Birthday Martha Washington 

US #306 is considered the most beautiful of the Series of 1902-03.

America’s first First Lady was born Martha Dandridge on June 2, 1731 (by the Old Style calendar), on her parents’ Chestnut Grove Plantation near Williamsburg, Virginia.

The oldest daughter of planter John Dandridge and his wife Frances Jones, Martha had a privileged childhood.  She enjoyed riding horses, gardening, sewing, playing the spinet piano, and dancing.  She also received an education in basic mathematics, reading, and writing – an uncommon practice for girls of the time.  She may have been educated by family servant Thomas Leonard in plantation management, crop sales, alternative medicine, and breeding and raising livestock.

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