This Day in History… July 2, 1865

The Salvation Army 

US #1267 was issued on this day in 1965.

The Salvation Army was established as the East London Christian Mission on July 2, 1865.

The mission was created by Methodist minister William Booth and his wife Catherine.  William had been born into poverty and worked in missions since he was a teenager.  His wife, though from a more prosperous family, also felt for the poor and was a major advocate for female ministry.  In fact, her speaking engagements helped to support their family.

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This Day in History… July 1, 1845

Postmasters’ Provisionals  

US #9X1 – The first postmaster provisional created by Robert Morris.

On July 1, 1845, US Congress established uniform postal rates, giving rise to the creation of Postmaster Provisional stamps.

In 1840, Great Britain issued the world’s first adhesive postage stamp, the Penny Black, and established uniform postage rates. Up until that time, there were many different postage rates in different jurisdictions, which made it difficult to determine the correct fees before mailing a letter, leaving the recipient responsible with paying for the letter’s delivery.

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This Day in History… June 30, 1914

First U.S. Rotary Stamp 

US #459 – Click the image to order this stamp in your choice of conditions.

On June 30, 1914, the US issued its very first stamp printed on the rotary press.  It’s also the only imperforate US rotary press coil.

Prior to 1914, postage stamps were printed using the flat plate method. Sheets printed by this process contained 20 rows of stamps with 20 stamps in each row. The introduction of private perforating machines presented a problem. Workers had to paste strips of 20 stamps together, end to end, to form long coils before they could be fed through the machines. This was inefficient and costly.

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This Day in History… June 29, 1858

Birth of George Washington Goethals 

US #CZ106 was issued nine months after Goethals’ death.

US Army general and civil engineer, George Washington Goethals was born on June 29, 1858, in Brooklyn, New York.

Born to Belgian immigrants, Goethals attended the College of the City of New York before receiving an appointment to West Point. After graduating second in his class in 1880, Goethals was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Army Corps of Engineers.

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This Day in History… June 28, 1778

Battle of Monmouth 

US #646 was issued for the 150th anniversary of the Battle of Monmouth.

On June 28, 1778, US and British forces clashed at Monmouth Court House, New Jersey.

In 1778, the British planned to evacuate their position in Philadelphia and move the majority of their troops to the main base in New York City.  On June 18, the troops began their 100-mile march in temperatures over 100 degrees.

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This Day in History… June 27, 1542

Juan Cabrillo Embarks on Journey 

US #2704 was issued on the 450th anniversary of Cabrillo’s arrival at present-day San Diego.

On June 27, 1542, Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo departed New Spain (present-day Mexico) in search of a water route between the Atlantic and Pacific.

Cabrillo was born in either Spain or Portugal in 1499. The nation of his birth has been debated for centuries, though a document discovered in 2015 has led many to believe he was born in Spain.  In fact, the issue of his birthplace sparked a bit of controversy when this stamp was issued, so the selvage on stamp sheet reads “If he was Portuguese as many believe, his name would be spelled Joao Rodrigues Cabrilho.”  The stamp uses the historically accepted Spanish spelling of the name.

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Posted in June 2018, This Day in History | 2 Comments