This Day in History… January 15, 1902

Founding of the 4-H Club

U.S. #1005 was issued on this day in 1952.

On January 15, 1902, one of the first clubs to resemble the 4-H club was founded in Ohio.

In the late 1800s, it wasn’t uncommon for individuals and groups to create clubs for children to help them appreciate farming and nature. While it’s unclear who was the first to create such a group, 4-H Club recognizes A.B. Graham as one of the early founders.

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This Day in History… January 14, 1784

Ratification Day 

U.S. #2052 was issued for the 200th anniversary of the Treaty of Paris.

On January 14, 1784, the Confederation Congress ratified the Treaty of Paris, officially ending the American Revolutionary War.

In 1782, it became apparent to the British that the Colonies would soon win their independence. Negotiations began in Paris that April. John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and John Jay represented the United States and Davis Hartley, a member of the parliament, spoke on behalf of King George III.

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This Day in History… January 13, 1864

Death of Stephen Foster 

U.S. #879 was issued in Bardstown, Kentucky, where Foster was inspired to write “My Old Kentucky Home.”

On January 13, 1864, Stephen Foster, the “father of American music,” died in New York City.

Stephen Collins Foster was born on July 4, 1826, in Lawrenceville, Pennsylvania. The youngest of nine children, Foster attended private schools and taught himself to play the clarinet, violin, guitar, flute, and piano.

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This Day in History… January 12, 1983

Return of Official Mail Stamps 

U.S. #O127 was issued on this day in 1983.

On January 12, 1983, Official Mail stamps were issued for the first time in 72 years.

The roots of Official stamps stretch back nearly 200 years. In 1791, Congress met and passed an act establishing post offices and routes in the United States. One of the clauses of the act allowed for franking privileges.

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This Day in History… January 11, 1978

America’s Smallest Postage Stamp 

U.S. #1734 was issued on this day in 1978.

On January 11, 1978, the USPS issued its smallest postage stamp, featuring the famed Indian Head Penny.

In the late 1970s, the USPS began looking into new ways to lower their production costs and increase their output.  Eventually, they decided one possible way to achieve both of these goals was to make stamps smaller.

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This Day in History… January 10, 1964

First Stamp with Mr. Zip in the Selvage 

U.S. #1242 – Mr. Zip’s first postal appearance was in the selvage for this stamp.

On January 10, 1964, Mr. Zip first appeared in the selvage of a stamp sheet honoring Texas icon Sam Houston.

Prior the creation of Zip codes, the US had postal districts or zones for use in larger cities. As towns and cities grew, the Post Office needed a more organized system to help separate the mail. In 1944, postal inspector Robert Moon submitted a proposal calling for a three-digit Zip code to help sort the mail. For this, Moon is often considered the father of the Zip Code, though it wouldn’t be implemented for nearly 20 years.

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