This Day in History… November 27, 1950

Battle of Chosin Reservoir 

US #2152 was based on a photo of US troops retreating from Chosin Reservoir.

On November 27, 1950, the Korean War Battle of Chosin Reservoir began, a fighting withdrawal in the bitter cold.

By November 1950, the United Nations forces had driven the North Korean army back into its own territory.  The Yalu River, the northern border of the peninsula was within reach and many believed the war would be over by Christmas.  American and UN commanders didn’t realize Chinese forces were massing along the border and would soon change the course of the war.

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This Day in History… November 26, 1883

Death of Sojourner Truth 

US #2203 – Truth was honored on the ninth stamp in the Black Heritage series.

Abolitionist and women’s rights activist Sojourner Truth died on November 26, 1883, in Battle Creek, Michigan.

Sojourner Truth was born Isabella Baumfree in Swartekill, New York in 1797.  She was born to slaves at a time when slavery was still legal in New York.  When she was nine, Truth was sold with a flock of sheep for $100.

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This Day in History… November 25, 1863

Battle of Chattanooga

Antigua #2538q pictures a scene from the Battle of Chattanooga.

On November 25, 1863, General Ulysses S. Grant broke the Confederate siege of Chattanooga.

The city of Chattanooga, Tennessee, was a vital rail hub and a manufacturing center for iron.  During the Chickamauga Campaign, which began in August 1863, the Union Army of the Cumberland had forced the Army of Tennessee to leave Chattanooga and move into Georgia.

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This Day in History… November 24, 1954

First Air Force One Christened 

US #4144 – a 2007 Priority Mail stamp picturing Air Force One.

On November 24, 1954, First Lady Mamie Eisenhower christened the first plane to be designated Air Force One.

Decades earlier, Theodore Roosevelt became the first US president to fly in an airplane.  The flight came after his time as president, on October 11, 1910.  On that occasion, he rode in an airplane piloted by Arch Hoxsey at a county fair in St. Louis.

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This Day in History… November 23, 1889

Debut of World’s First Jukebox 

U.S. #2911 was issued to pay the postage for the first-class, presort letter rate.

US #2911 was issued to pay the postage for the first-class, presort letter rate.

On November 23, 1889, the world’s first jukebox was displayed and used at the Palais Royal Saloon in San Francisco, California.

In the early and mid-1800s, coin-operated music boxes and player pianos grew increasingly popular. Requiring a coin payment, these music devices used paper rolls, metal disks, or metal cylinders to play music on one or more instruments inside the machine.

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This Day in History… November 22, 1898

Birth of Wiley Post 

US #C95-96 was issued two days before Post’s 81st birthday.

Wiley Hardeman Post was born on November 22, 1898, Van Zandt County, Texas.

Post’s family moved to Oklahoma when he was five. It was in Oklahoma that Post first saw an airplane (a Curtiss-Wright Pusher-type), at the county fair in Lawton. That event began his love of flight, leading Post to enroll in the Sweeney Automobile and Aviation School in Kansas City.

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