This Day in History… June 8, 1906

Antiquities Act of 1906 

US #1084 was issued for the 50th anniversary of Devils Tower, the first monument created under the Antiquities Act.

On June 8, 1906, President Theodore Roosevelt signed the Antiquities Act into law, giving him and future presidents the authority to create national monuments from federal lands.

Roosevelt was an avid outdoorsman.  After the death of his first wife in 1884, Roosevelt moved to the North Dakota Badlands where he set up a ranch.  When Roosevelt first came to the Badlands, it was as a hunter.  But it was his interest in livestock and cattle ranching that made him stay.

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This Day in History… June 7, 1942

Allies Win Battle of Midway

U.S. #2697g – The U.S. lost the Yorktown and 1 destroyer while the Japanese lost four aircraft carriers and a heavy cruiser.

US #2697g – The US lost the Yorktown and one destroyer while the Japanese lost four aircraft carriers and a heavy cruiser.

On June 7, 1942, the Allies won the Battle of Midway in the Pacific, turning the tide of the war.

Shortly after the attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941, the Japanese began mapping out a plan to take down America’s carrier forces.  Realizing Pearl Harbor was now too well defended, they set their sights northwest on Midway Island, at the end of the Hawaiian Island chain.

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This Day in History… June 6, 1886

Dr. Paul Dudley White

US #2170 from the Great Americans Series.

Doctor Paul Dudley White was born on June 6, 1886, in Roxbury, Massachusetts.

White developed an interest in medicine at an early age, when he accompanied his father, a family doctor, on house calls in his horse and buggy.  Dudley went on to attend the Roxbury Latin School and Harvard College, before earning his M.D. from Harvard Medical School in 1911.

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This Day in History… June 5, 1887

Birth of Ruth Benedict

US #2938 paid the international airmail rate to Canada and Mexico.

Anthropologist Ruth Fulton Benedict was born on June 5, 1887, in New York City, New York.

Benedict’s father died when she was very young and her mother was grief stricken over it for the rest of her life.  These experiences instilled in Benedict an interest in grief and how it was processed by different cultures.

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This Day in History… June 4, 1940

The Miracle of Dunkirk 

US #940 was issued to honor all those that served in WWII.

On June 4, 1940, over 338,000 Allied troops were evacuated from the beaches of Dunkirk after being cut off and surrounded there for weeks.

After Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, the United Kingdom sent the British Expeditionary Force to help defend France.  There they fought alongside the Belgian Army and the French First, Seventh, and Ninth Armies.

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This Day in History… June 3, 1770

Carmel Mission

US #4650 was issued to cover the Express Mail Rate.

On June 3, 1770, Franciscan friar Junipero Serra delivered the first church service at the Carmel Mission.

Born in Majorca, Spain, Serra was sent by the Spanish emperor to establish a series of missions in present-day California.  The missions were founded to establish permanent settlements, prevent Russians from encroaching in the region, and spread Christianity to the native Indians.

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