This Day in History… August 26, 1920

The 19th Amendment 

US #1406 pictures suffragists on the left and a woman voting on the right.

On August 26, 1920, the 19th Amendment went into effect, granting women’s suffrage.

During colonial times, only property-owning adult males could vote.  Most women could not vote, although some colonies made exceptions for property-owning widows.  When the US Constitution was adopted in 1789, it didn’t clearly define who could vote.  Instead, states made that decision. New Jersey was the only one to allow women to vote, and that right was taken away in 1807.

Continue reading

Posted in August 2020, This Day in History | 2 Comments

This Day in History… August 25, 1944

Red Ball Express

US #2838h from the 1944: Road to Victory sheet

On August 25, 1944, the Red Ball Express truck convoy system opened to help rush supplies to soldiers at the front.

The term “Red Ball” referred to express cargo service, and was put into use around 1892 by the Santa Fe railroad.  They used the phrase in reference to express shipping of priority items and perishable goods.  Red circles identified the trains and tracks and the term grew to be used extensively by the 1920s.

Continue reading

Posted in August 2020, This Day in History | 4 Comments

This Day in History… August 24, 1949

Founding of NATO 

US #1008 was issued on the third anniversary of the treaty’s signing.

On August 24, 1949, the North Atlantic Treaty came into force, officially establishing the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).

The stability of world politics took a dramatic turn at the end of World War II.  The Soviet Union was gaining power in Europe.  Military strength became a leading concern among non-Communist countries that feared they would be unable to defend against Soviet aggression.

Continue reading

Posted in August 2020, This Day in History | Leave a comment

This Day in History… August 23, 1785

Birth of Oliver Perry 

US #166 from the Bank Note Series, printed by Continental.

Oliver Hazard Perry was born on August 23, 1785, in South Kingstown, Rhode Island.

Perry was a direct descendant of William Wallace, a leader during the Scottish Wars of Independence.  He was also older brother to Matthew Perry, who later opened Japan to the West.

Continue reading

Posted in August 2020, This Day in History | 3 Comments

This Day in History… August 22, 1834

Birth of Samuel P. Langley

US #C118 pictures Langley with his Aerodrome No. 5 – the first American heavier-than-air machine to make a free flight of any significant length.

Samuel Pierpont Langley was born on August 22, 1834, in Roxbury, Massachusetts.

Langley attended the Boston Latin School and English High School of Boston before serving as an assistant at the Harvard College Observatory.  After that, he worked as a professor of mathematics at the US Naval Academy.  While there, he also worked on restoring the school’s small observatory.

Continue reading

Posted in August 2020, This Day in History | 3 Comments

This Day in History… August 21, 1904

Happy Birthday, Count Basie!

US #3096 from the Big Band Leaders set.

William James “Count” Basie was born on August 21, 1904, in Red Bank, New Jersey. 

Basie’s mother taught him to play piano when he was young and he began performing in his hometown as a young teenager.  He learned to accompany the silent films that played at the local theatre.  Basie preferred drums at first, but by the time he was 15 he realized his true talent was on the piano.

Continue reading

Posted in August 2020, This Day in History | Leave a comment