This Day in History… December 1, 1917

War Savings Stamps Issued to Fund WWI

U.S. #WS1 – The first 25¢ War Savings Thrift Stamp.

US #WS1 – The first 25¢ War Savings Thrift Stamp.

On December 1, 1917, first War Savings Stamp available for immediate use, WS1, was issued.

When America entered World War I in April 1917, there was an immediate push to support the war effort.  Weapons were needed, as well as clothing, food, and supplies for the men fighting overseas.  In the coming months, the US government instituted a number of programs to encourage the public to donate what they could, including war bonds and liberty bonds.

U.S. #WS2 shows the cost of the stamp depending on when it was purchased as well as the date it would be payable.

US #WS2 shows the cost of the stamp depending on when it was purchased as well as the date it would be payable.

Among these efforts to raise funds were War Savings Stamps.  The first War Savings thrift stamp (WS1) was issued on December 1, 1917.  The second stamp (WS2) was issued a few weeks prior but wasn’t meant for use until 1918.

Issued by the Treasury Department, War Savings Stamps were sold in many convenient places.  Not only were these stamps sold at banks and post offices, but they were available at the train station or they could be purchased from the milkman on his delivery route.  In 1918, these stamps were available in 45,000 different places in Texas alone.

U.S. #WS4 – Issued in 1919, this stamp matured in 1924.

US #WS4 – Issued in 1919, this stamp matured in 1924.

Citizens were encouraged to think of inventive ways to use the thrift stamps.  Businesses gave them as bonuses and Christmas presents.  They were handed out as tips in restaurants and hotels.  At a café in Dallas, Texas, the menu offered “pie and thrift stamp” for 30¢.

The stamps issued during World War I were available in 25¢ and $5 denominations.  The $5 War Savings stamp cost $4.12 when issued and earned 4% interest, or a penny a month.  When they matured five years later, they could be redeemed for $5.

U.S. #WS5 was issued in 1919 for use in 1920.

US #WS5 was issued in 1919 for use in 1920.

Children were encouraged to purchase the 25¢ stamps and were provided with a special card to paste 20 stamps.  Completed cards could be exchanged for a $5 War Savings stamp by paying the difference between their $4 value and the current price of the $5 stamp.

The Treasury Department used clever ads to encourage people to buy the stamps.  One claimed, “An idle Quarter is a slacker Quarter.”  Many posters also used patriotism to spur purchases.  President Woodrow Wilson supported the drive, calling upon “every man, woman, and child” to save for the war.  He also proclaimed June 28, 1918, to be National War Savings Day.  Click here to see a selection of WWI posters, including several for War Savings Stamps.

U.S. #WS6 was the last War Savings Stamp issued to pay for World War I.

US #WS6 was the last War Savings Stamp issued to pay for World War I.

The Boy Scouts of America alone sold $53 million in War Savings stamps during World War I – that’s over two million stamps.  Boy and Girl Scouts sold so many stamps that there was a slogan – “Every Scout to Save a Soldier.”

The program was successful in raising money for the war effort.  By September of 1919, over $1.1 billion worth of stamps had been sold.  The low 25¢ cost allowed almost anyone to “Help Lick the Kaiser.”

The first round of War Savings stamps were issued through 1920.  The program was begun again in 1942 after America joined World War II.  Denominations of 10¢, 50¢, and $1 were added.  The War Savings stamps of World War II earned no interest and were redeemable in the form of US Treasury War Certificates, Defense Bonds, or War Bonds.

U.S. #WS7-13 – The complete set of seven WWII War Savings Stamps.

US #WS7-13 – The complete set of seven WWII War Savings Stamps.

Promotion of War Savings stamps during World War II was closely linked to the promotion of Series E War Bonds, which they were usually used to purchase.  Advertisers donated $250 million worth of advertising in the form of trolley car posters, songs, and movies starring Frank Sinatra and Bob Hope.

The design of the World War II stamps featured the famous “Minuteman Statue” in Concord, Massachusetts.  It was made to commemorate the Battle of Lexington and Concord – the first conflict of the American Revolution.  The statue shows a farmer standing next to his plow, holding a musket.  It represents the willingness of the common man to serve the cause of freedom – just like those who fought at Concord and Lexington.

Click here to see what else happened on This Day in History.

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