Sardinia stamps were used in Monaco from 1851-60, when the protectorate was ceded to France. From that time until 1885, stamps of France were used with Monaco or Monte-Carlo overprints. Monaco issued its first stamps as a principality with a ten-variety set picturing Prince Charles III. An 1891-1921 stamp series featured Monaco’s Prince Albert I along with the motto Deo Juvante meaning “With God’s Help”. Like President Franklin Roosevelt, Prince Rainier III was an avid stamp collector, and deeply involved in the design of his country’s stamps. Rainier helped make Monaco stamps among the most beautiful in the world. Monaco’s postal services have, except for two periods, been provided by France since 1641.