The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was formed from a dual monarchy ruled by Sultan ibn Saud. The monarchy consisted of Hejaz and Nejd, and each had previously issued their own postage stamps. When Saudi Arabia issued its first stamps in 1934, they illustrated the symbolic “tughra” or cypher those earlier stamps had used, which symbolized King Abdul Aziz ibn Saud. Tughras originated in the Ottoman Empire. They consist of prayers and titles in addition to the monogram of the sultan or king. Tughras appear on official documents, correspondence, coins, and now stamps. Until the advent of the railroad in the early 1900s, mail was carried by camel on the Arabian Peninsula.
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