1959 2½ ¢ Bunker Hill Monument
Liberty Series Coil
Issue Date: September 9, 1959
City: Los Angeles, California
Printed by: Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Printing Method: Rotary Press
Perforations: 10 Vertically
Color: Gray blue
U.S. #1056 features one of the first major battles of the Revolutionary War – the Battle of Bunker Hill. A 221-foot monument rises above the battlefield – the first major engagement between British and Colonial forces. The first monument to the battle was an 18-foot-tall wooden pillar with an urn. It was built in 1794 by King Solomon’s Lodge of Masons in honor of Dr. Joseph Warren, a prominent Colonial figure slain in the battle. The current monument was built in 1842.
Battle of Bunker Hill Fought on Breed’s Hill
This historic battle is actually misnamed. The Battle of Bunker Hill was fought between British forces under General William Howe and New England militiamen under General Israel Putnam and Colonel William Prescott on June 17, 1775. When the Americans received intelligence that the British intended to capture certain strategic heights outside Boston, General Artemus Ward ordered the fortification of Bunker Hill. Inexplicably, the forces under his command took position on nearby Breed’s Hill. After several hours of bloody fighting the Americans were dislodged. But the British paid a high price: 228 were dead and 826 were wounded – 42 percent of their total strength.
The Liberty Series
Issued to replace the 1938 Presidential series, this patriotic set of stamps honors guardians of freedom throughout U.S. history. Eighteenth century America is represented by Revolutionary War heroes and statesmen such as Washington, Jefferson, Franklin, Hamilton, Henry, Jay, and Revere.
Leaders of the 19th century including Monroe, Lincoln, Lee, Harrison, and Susan B. Anthony make an appearance. The 20th century is represented by Teddy Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson, and General Pershing.
The Liberty Series also features famous locations important to America’s democratic history, such as Bunker Hill, Independence Hall, and the Alamo.