1963 5¢ Carolina Charter
Issue Date: April 6, 1963
City: Edenton, North Carolina
Printed By: Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Printing Method: Giori Press
Color: Dark carmine and brown
U.S. #1230 commemorates the 300th anniversary of the Signing of the Carolina Charter, which established the Province of Carolina as a British colony. The stamp shows a document similar to the charter, based on a photograph of the original that is now kept in Raleigh, North Carolina.
The Carolina Charter
British attempts to settle the North Carolina area began decades earlier. In 1585, Sir Walter Raleigh established a colony at Roanoke Island – the first English colony in America. Each of his attempts at settlement failed and after his benefactor Queen Elizabeth I died, her successor refused to give him any more chances.
In the years to come, Britain experienced a major upheaval. King Charles I would be beheaded and Britain briefly became a republic before Charles’ son, Charles II, was made king. When Charles II was restored to the throne in 1660, it was a turning point in English history, as that nation was growing into the dominant world power. Yet, Charles II was badly in need of funds.
Charles also owed a great debt to his friends who had helped to reinstate the monarchy. On March 24, 1663, he issued the Carolina Charter, granting eight English noblemen the land of Carolina. The charter referred to the eight men as “the true and absolute Lords Proprietors” of Carolina. The charter permitted the men to profit from the colony and also gave them “full and absolute power… for the good and happy government of the said province.” The charter allowed the men to bestow some of their powers to “deputies, lieutenants, judges, justices, magistrates, officers and members” as they saw fit.
And while the charter gave the proprietors significant powers, it also had several provisions to prevent the abuse of power. For instance, any laws should consider the “advice, assent and approbation of the freemen of the said province, or of the greater part of them, or of their delegates or deputies.” The charter also granted colonists all the liberties and privileges they received in England as well as religious tolerance.
Click hereto read the Carolina Charter.