1994 29¢ John C. Fremont
Legends of the West
Issue Date: October 18, 1994
City: Laramie, WY, Tucson, AZ and Lawton, OK
Quantity: 19,282,800 panes
Printed By: Stamp Venturers
Printing Method: Photogravure
Perforations: 10.1 x 10
Known as “The Pathfinder,” John C. Fremont explored the vast territory west of the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean. A second lieutenant in the Army Topographical Corps, he was sent in 1842 to survey a route to Wyoming.
Accompanied by frontiersman Kit Carson, who became the guide for his expeditions, Fremont went on to explore the Oregon region, and then crossed over the Sierra Nevadas to California. Returning to St. Louis, Missouri in 1844, he helped produce the first scientific map of the American West.
War with Mexico was eminent when Fremont organized his second expedition to California in 1845. Aiding Commodore Robert Stockton and General Stephen Kearny in the conquest of California, he played an important role in the development of our 31st state. Settling there briefly, he served as one of the state’s first two senators, and was nominated as the Republican candidate for president in 1856.
Following the Civil War, in which he served as a Union officer, Fremont retired from public life to devote himself to finding a possible transcontinental railroad route. In 1878 he was appointed territorial governor of Arizona, a position he held until 1883.