2020 Chrsanthemum Global Forever
Value: 1-ounce International rate (Forever)
Issue Date: April 24, 2020
First Day City:
Type of Stamp: Definitive
Printed by: Ashton Potter (USA) Ltd.
Printing Method: Offset, Microprint
Format: Pane of 10
Quantity Printed: 65,000,000
Chrysanthemums (also known as "mums") are the most commercially grown flower in the United States. They are also nicknamed the "Queen of Fall Flowers." Chrysanthemums are popular in other countries across the globe, too, with many interesting and unique significances depending on the culture.
Chrysanthmums were first grown in China around the 15th century BC. The species eventually spread to Jpaan and then the rest of the world. By 1630, over 500 varieties were known. In Japan, chrysanthemums symbolize happiness, immortality, and the sun. They are also a symbol of the Japanese imperial family – the "Chrysanthemum Throne." In the United States, chrysanthemums are some of the most popular seasonal fall decorations. They come in a wide range of colors and can survive in colder temperatures compared to other flowers.
Chrysanthemums are beautiful plants mostly used for decoration, but there are some species with culinary uses, too. Certain chrysanthemum flowers can be dried and used in tea, while the leaves of these plants can be sautéed or used in soups (most commonly in Chinese or Japanese cuisines).
In 2020, the United States Postal Service pictured a chrysanthemum on a Global Forever stamp. Given the flower's global popularity, it was a fitting choice.
Global Forever Series
On January 28, 2013, the USPS issued the first stamp in its Global Forever Series. These stamps are used on international mail.
Up until the mid-to-late 1800s, mail sent to other countries was regulated by a number of different agreements that were binding only to signing members. Then in 1874, representatives from 22 nations met in Bern, Switzerland to discuss a better system. They founded the General Postal Union (later called the Universal Postal Union).
The Universal Postal Union revolutionized how mail was sent between countries. They decided that there should be a uniform rate to mail a letter anywhere in the world, that domestic and international mail should be treated equally, and that each country should keep all money collected for international postage. It also made sending international mail easier in another important way. Previously, people had to attach a stamp from each country their mail would pass through. This was no longer necessary. Participating countries also standardized postal rates and units of weight.
Another major development in the delivery of international mail came in 1920, with the establishment of international airmail. In the early years, airmail was flown between the US and Canada and Cuba. By late 1930, the US was delivering airmail to nearly every country in the Western Hemisphere. Service continued to expand to Europe and other parts of the world in the coming years.
In May 1977, airmail as a separate class of domestic mail ended when the USPS announced that First Class postage would provide the same or better service. Thirty years later, international airmail ended on May 14, 2007, though airmail stamps continued to be issued into 2012.
In October 2012, the USPS filed to change international mailing prices. Additionally, following the popularity of the domestic Forever stamps, first issued in 2007, they decided to start issuing Global Forever stamps. These new stamps would simplify international mail, by offering a single stamp for all international destinations.
Issued on January 28, 2013, the first Global Forever stamp had a face value of $1.10. The international rate stamp could be used on one-ounce letters sent overseas and two-ounce letters to Canada. Fittingly, this first stamp pictured a three-dimensional image of the Earth. The image was created by using satellite data and centers over the blue of the Atlantic Ocean, South America, and West Africa. To differentiate the classes of Forever stamps, the Global Series is a round stamp and has the word “GLOBAL” printed right on it. At least one Global Forever stamp has been issued every year since, except for 2015 and 2019.