1995 32¢ Battle of Gettysburg
Issue Date: June 29, 1995
City: Gettysburg, PA
Quantity: 15,000,000 panes of 20
Printed By: Stamp Venturers
Printing Method: Photogravure
The release of the 20 Civil War stamps marked the most extensive effort in the history of the U.S. Postal Service to review and verify the historical accuracy of stamp subjects. Each of the 16 individuals and four battles featured were chosen from a master list of 50 subjects, which included Presidents, generals, major battles, rank-and-file soldiers, women, African and Native Americans, and abolitionists. The goal of the U.S.P.S. was to show the wide variety of people who participated in the Civil War.
Battle of Gettysburg
By the spring of 1863, the Northern grip on the Confederacy was slowly tightening. Lee knew however, that another decisive victory such as Chancellorsville could loosen that grip, turning the tide in the Confederacy’s favor. Hoping to discourage the enemy and gain much needed European aid, Lee marched north towards Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Union troops under the command of General George Meade paralleled his route.
On July 1st, the war’s greatest battle began when a Confederate brigade ran into a Union cavalry unit. By the end of the day, northern troops had been pushed south of the town of Gettysburg, where they established a strong defensive. In the days that followed, Lee mounted a series of major assaults in an effort to crack the Union front, but the northern troops were able to hold their positions. His attack on the left flank was a devastating failure. And later attacks on the right, center, and rear flanks came too late to succeed.
On July 4th, Lee withdrew his battered army. Despite fresh reserves and further reinforcements, General Meade made little effort to pursue him, allowing Lee’s army to escape. The South’s retreat marked a turning point in the war. Never again would the Confederate Army have the resources to mount a major attack against the North.