Series of 1857-61 5¢ Jefferson
First Day of Issue: May 8, 1861
Quantity issued: 570,000 (estimate)
Printed by: Toppan, Carpenter & Co.
Printing Method: Flat plate
Color: Orange brown
The opening shots of the American Civil War were fired on April 1, 1861. All U.S. stamps then in print were demonetized (declared no longer valid for postage) so they couldn’t be used by the Confederates. A reasonable amount of time was granted after the hostilities broke out for Unionists to exchange the old stamps for a new series that was quickly printed and released in August, 1861.
U.S. #30 was issued during that brief interval and used for a short period of time before it was demonetized. Because of the short period of usage, many stamps were found unused in the South following the war. That’s why U.S. #30 is more valuable in postally used condition.