U.S. # 4807
2013 46¢ Ray Charles
Handicapped by blindness, burdened by racism, and orphaned at age 15, Ray Charles (1930-2004) overcame these immense challenges to become a music pioneer. His fusion of rhythm and blues with gospel and jazz helped give birth to rock ‘n’ roll, prompting Frank Sinatra to call Charles “the only true genius in show business.”
Glaucoma robbed Charles of his vision by age seven, but his mother pushed him to be self-sufficient. Charles chopped wood and even drove a motorcycle. His real love was music, a talent he honed while attending the Florida School for the Deaf and Blind.
Quitting school after his mother died, Charles moved to Seattle at 17 and began recording. Two years later, he had his first hit with Confession Blues. A decade of hits followed before Charles scored his first country music chart topper, helping to integrate that style. His signature tune, Georgia On My Mind, became that state’s official song.
Following a series of high profile appearances in the 1990s, Charles died at the age of 73. Over 1,500 fans attended his funeral, which featured performances by B.B. King, Willie Nelson, and Stevie Wonder... stars whose careers benefited because Charles had already broken barriers of race and physical handicap.
The 2013 Ray Charles stamp features a photo by Yves Carrére taken late in his career. The stamp and full pane were designed to resemble a 45rpm record sleeve, with the pane picturing part of a record peeking through the top.
Value: 46¢ 1-ounce first-class letter rate
Issued: September 23, 2013
First Day City: Los Angeles, CA and Atlanta, GA
Type of Stamp: Commemorative
Printed by: Banknote Corporation of America for Sennett Security Products
Method: Offset printing in sheets of 144 in 9 panes of 16
Perforation: Serpentine Die Cut 10 ½
Quantity Printed: 60,000,000 stamps
First Inductees In Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame
On January 23, 1986, the first group of musicians was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame was the brainchild of businessman, Atlantic Records co-founder, songwriter, and philanthropist Ahmet Ertegun. He, Rolling Stone publisher Jann Wenner, and several record executives established the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Foundation on April 20, 1983.
In the coming years, they began plans for the physical museum. They considered several cities with ties to rock history – New Orleans, Memphis, Chicago, San Francisco, and New York. They ultimately settled on Cleveland, Ohio, the place where disc jockey Alan Freed coined the phrase “rock and roll.”
As plans for the museum progressed, the organizers wanted to start honoring rock legends. So on January 23, 1986, they held the first induction ceremony at the Waldorf-Astoria in New York City. The first inductees were all pioneers in the world of rock and roll – Chuck Berry, Elvis Presley, Little Richard, Fats Domino, Buddy Holly, the Everly Brothers, Ray Charles, James Brown, Sam Cooke and Jerry Lee Lewis.
There were also non-performer inductees – Sun Records founder Sam Philips and DJ Alan Freed. The museum also inducted Early Influencers Robert Johnson, Jimmie Rogers, and Jimmy Yancey. Additionally, Columbia Records’ John Hammond, who had discovered Billie Holiday, Aretha Franklin, Bob Dylan, and Bruce Springsteen, received the museum’s first Lifetime Achievement Award.
A special guest inducted each honoree. The Rolling Stones’ Keith Richards delivered a heartfelt speech about Chuck Berry; Steve Winwood honored James Brown; Quincy Jones inducted Ray Charles; Herb Alpert inducted Sam Cooke; Billy Joel honored Fats Domino; Neil Young inducted the Everly Brothers; John Fogerty honored Buddy Holly; Hank Williams, Jr., inducted Jerry Lee Lewis; Roberta Flack inducted Little Richard; and John Lennon’s sons inducted their father’s hero, Elvis Presley.
After the ceremonies, an all-star jam took over the stage with performances by the living inductees, Steve Winwood, John Fogerty, Billy Joel, and ZZ Top. They played songs by the inductees as well as other classic rock hits well into the night.
Nearly a decade later, the museum officially opened on September 2, 1995, with performances by Chuck Berry, Bob Dylan, Al Green, Jerry Lee Lewis, Aretha Franklin, Bruce Springsteen, Iggy Pop, John Fogerty, John Mellencamp, and many others. While the museum is located in Cleveland, most of the induction ceremonies (26) have been held in New York City, while two have been in Los Angeles and four in Cleveland.
Click here for more about the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.