1989 7.1c Tractor 1920s, coil

# 2127b - 1989 7.1c Tractor 1920s, coil

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U.S. #2127b
1987 7.1¢ Tractor, 1920s, Precanceled, Untagged
Transportation Series

  • Paid the nonprofit third-class rate for mail presorted with five-digit ZIP codes
  • Pictures a 1920s John Deere tractor

Stamp Category:  Definitive
Series: 
Transportation
Value: 
7.1¢; nonprofit third-class presorted mail with complete five-digit ZIP Code
First Day of Issue: 
May 26, 1989
Quantity Issued: 
197,344,000
Printed by: 
Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Printing Method: 
Engraved
Format: 
Coils of 500 and 3,000
Perforations: 
10 Vertically
Color: 
Lake

 

Why the stamp was issued:  This stamp replaced the 4.9¢ Buckboard stamp, covering the rate increase from 4.9¢ to 7.1¢ for nonprofit third-class (bulk rate) mail presorted with complete five-digit ZIP Codes. 

 

About the stamp design:  Ken Dallison, a collector of tractors and cars, created the artwork for this stamp.  He based his image on a photo of a 1920s John Deere tractor, though the USPS removed the brand name from the final design.

 

Special design details:  The 7.1¢ Tractor stamp was available with and without a precancel.  #2127 has no precancel, while #2127a has a “nonprofit Org.” precancel.  Precancels are stamps canceled before being sold, to make mailing faster and cheaper for customers with large amounts of mail.  Bulk mailers use precancels, then pre-sort their mail and save money.  The USPS makes these stamps available with and without precancels for two reasons.  One reason is to create another variety for stamp collectors.  The other, is so the stamps can be used as add-on postage for packages slightly overweight.

 

About Untagged Stamps:  Tagging of US stamps was introduced in 1963. It helps the US Post Office use automation to move the mail at a lower cost. A virtually invisible phosphorescent material is applied either to stamp ink or paper, or to stamps after printing. This “taggant” causes each one to glow in shades of green for a moment after exposure to short-wave ultraviolet (UV) light. The afterglow makes it possible for facing-canceling machines to locate the stamp on the mail piece, and properly position it for automated cancellation and sorting.

Some stamps have been printed with and without tagging intentionally, but when tagging is omitted by accident, many considered them to be similar to a missing color error.

 

About the Transportation Series:  On May 18, 1981, the USPS issued the first stamp in the Transportation Series, US #1907, picturing the Surrey, a doorless four-wheeled carriage. For the first time in US history, a coil stamp featured its own unique design rather than simply copying that of the current definitive stamp. Over 50 more coil stamps would be issued over the course of the next 15 years, each picturing a different mode of transportation. All of these types of transportation were used since American independence.


The various denominations provided face values to exactly match the rates for several categories of Third-Class mail (bulk rate and quantity-discounted mail). As the rates changed, new stamps with new values were added. Never before had a stamp series included so many fractional cent values.


The Bureau of Engraving and Printing printed most of the stamps in the Transportation Series, although private contractors printed a few. All but a few of the later stamps were produced by engraved intaglio. Differences in precancels, tagging, paper and gum provide a large number of varieties.


Scott Catalog separates the Transportation stamps into four groups. The stamps in the first group (#1897-1908) generally have the denomination in small type with a “c” next to it. These stamps were printed on the Cottrell rotary press, which joined together two plates to make a sleeve. The gaps between these plates created depressions where ink would collect and create joint lines on the stamps. Later issues were printed on a different press and didn’t have these joint lines.


The second group (#2123-36) had larger numbers with no “c.”  The third group (#2252-66) was similar in appearance to the second group, but service inscriptions were added to the designs. These stamps also used a variety of paper and gum as well as different types of tagging. The fourth group (#2451-68) marked the end of fractional values. Now bulk mailers would use either the 5¢ or 10¢ stamp and then pay the difference from the actual postage rate.


The last stamp in the Transportation Series, the 20¢ Cog Railway, was issued on June 9, 1995, at the TEXPEX ’95 stamp show in Dallas, Texas. This marked the end of the largest US definitive series up to that time. Three new series would eventually replace it – American Transportation, American Culture, and American Scenes. Additionally, the Great Americans would go on to become the largest American definitive series.

 

History the stamp represents:  Developed in the late 1890s, the tractor (from TRACtion moTOR) revolutionized the American farming industry. With these remarkable gasoline engines, power could be transmitted to combines, hay balers, and mowers. Plus the new machine was more powerful than animals, never tired, and could cultivate more land, yielding more crops. Today, tractors are built in many shapes and sizes for specialized jobs from building dams to mowing our backyards.

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U.S. #2127b
1987 7.1¢ Tractor, 1920s, Precanceled, Untagged
Transportation Series

  • Paid the nonprofit third-class rate for mail presorted with five-digit ZIP codes
  • Pictures a 1920s John Deere tractor

Stamp Category:  Definitive
Series: 
Transportation
Value: 
7.1¢; nonprofit third-class presorted mail with complete five-digit ZIP Code
First Day of Issue: 
May 26, 1989
Quantity Issued: 
197,344,000
Printed by: 
Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Printing Method: 
Engraved
Format: 
Coils of 500 and 3,000
Perforations: 
10 Vertically
Color: 
Lake

 

Why the stamp was issued:  This stamp replaced the 4.9¢ Buckboard stamp, covering the rate increase from 4.9¢ to 7.1¢ for nonprofit third-class (bulk rate) mail presorted with complete five-digit ZIP Codes. 

 

About the stamp design:  Ken Dallison, a collector of tractors and cars, created the artwork for this stamp.  He based his image on a photo of a 1920s John Deere tractor, though the USPS removed the brand name from the final design.

 

Special design details:  The 7.1¢ Tractor stamp was available with and without a precancel.  #2127 has no precancel, while #2127a has a “nonprofit Org.” precancel.  Precancels are stamps canceled before being sold, to make mailing faster and cheaper for customers with large amounts of mail.  Bulk mailers use precancels, then pre-sort their mail and save money.  The USPS makes these stamps available with and without precancels for two reasons.  One reason is to create another variety for stamp collectors.  The other, is so the stamps can be used as add-on postage for packages slightly overweight.

 

About Untagged Stamps:  Tagging of US stamps was introduced in 1963. It helps the US Post Office use automation to move the mail at a lower cost. A virtually invisible phosphorescent material is applied either to stamp ink or paper, or to stamps after printing. This “taggant” causes each one to glow in shades of green for a moment after exposure to short-wave ultraviolet (UV) light. The afterglow makes it possible for facing-canceling machines to locate the stamp on the mail piece, and properly position it for automated cancellation and sorting.

Some stamps have been printed with and without tagging intentionally, but when tagging is omitted by accident, many considered them to be similar to a missing color error.

 

About the Transportation Series:  On May 18, 1981, the USPS issued the first stamp in the Transportation Series, US #1907, picturing the Surrey, a doorless four-wheeled carriage. For the first time in US history, a coil stamp featured its own unique design rather than simply copying that of the current definitive stamp. Over 50 more coil stamps would be issued over the course of the next 15 years, each picturing a different mode of transportation. All of these types of transportation were used since American independence.


The various denominations provided face values to exactly match the rates for several categories of Third-Class mail (bulk rate and quantity-discounted mail). As the rates changed, new stamps with new values were added. Never before had a stamp series included so many fractional cent values.


The Bureau of Engraving and Printing printed most of the stamps in the Transportation Series, although private contractors printed a few. All but a few of the later stamps were produced by engraved intaglio. Differences in precancels, tagging, paper and gum provide a large number of varieties.


Scott Catalog separates the Transportation stamps into four groups. The stamps in the first group (#1897-1908) generally have the denomination in small type with a “c” next to it. These stamps were printed on the Cottrell rotary press, which joined together two plates to make a sleeve. The gaps between these plates created depressions where ink would collect and create joint lines on the stamps. Later issues were printed on a different press and didn’t have these joint lines.


The second group (#2123-36) had larger numbers with no “c.”  The third group (#2252-66) was similar in appearance to the second group, but service inscriptions were added to the designs. These stamps also used a variety of paper and gum as well as different types of tagging. The fourth group (#2451-68) marked the end of fractional values. Now bulk mailers would use either the 5¢ or 10¢ stamp and then pay the difference from the actual postage rate.


The last stamp in the Transportation Series, the 20¢ Cog Railway, was issued on June 9, 1995, at the TEXPEX ’95 stamp show in Dallas, Texas. This marked the end of the largest US definitive series up to that time. Three new series would eventually replace it – American Transportation, American Culture, and American Scenes. Additionally, the Great Americans would go on to become the largest American definitive series.

 

History the stamp represents:  Developed in the late 1890s, the tractor (from TRACtion moTOR) revolutionized the American farming industry. With these remarkable gasoline engines, power could be transmitted to combines, hay balers, and mowers. Plus the new machine was more powerful than animals, never tired, and could cultivate more land, yielding more crops. Today, tractors are built in many shapes and sizes for specialized jobs from building dams to mowing our backyards.