1958 3¢ James Monroe
Issue Date: April 28, 1958
City: Montross, Virginia
Printed by: Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Printing Method: Rotary Press
Perforations: 11 x 10 ½
U.S. #1105 marked the 200th anniversary of the birth of James Monroe, fifth President of the United States. Monroe’s birthplace is located in present-day Montross, Virginia, in Westmoreland County.
James Monroe and the Era of Good Feelings
James Monroe served as President for two terms, from 1817-1825. His presidency is identified with a period of American history called “the Era of Good Feeling.” The country was prosperous due to the growth of industries and expansion in the West. The Democratic-Republican Party that Monroe helped to form also became very dominant after the Federalist Party all but dissolved following the election of 1816. In the election of 1820, Monroe ran unopposed for the presidency. He received every electoral vote except one, which was cast for John Quincy Adams.
The greatest accomplishment of Monroe’s presidency was the Monroe Doctrine. This statement of American foreign policy was set forth by Monroe in a message to Congress in December 1823. The Monroe Doctrine stated that the American continents were “henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers.” This meant there could be no new colonies in the Western Hemisphere, and no expansion of existing ones. It also meant that European powers were not to interfere with existing governments. The Monroe Doctrine has remained a part of American policy ever since.