1996 32¢ Ernest Just
Black Heritage Series
Issue Date: February 1, 1996
City: Washington, DC
Printed By: Banknote Corporation of America
Printing Method: Lithographed
Color: Gray and black
Ernest E. Just was an internationally renowned zoologist, known primarily for his work in marine biology. He did pioneering research in the process of fertilization in marine invertebrates, and in the study of cell surface development in organisms. Just was recognized for his work as the first recipient of the NAACP’s Spingarn Medal, awarded annually to an African-American for outstanding achievement in their field.
Throughout the 1930s Just conducted research in institutes and marine laboratories in Berlin, Paris, and Naples. From 1912 to 1937 he published 50 papers based on his findings, as well as two books: The Biology of the Cell Surface and Basic Methods for Experiments on Eggs of Marine Animals.
Just taught at Howard University from 1907 to 1941, serving as head of the department of physiology at its medical school from 1912 through 1920, and head of the zoology department from 1912 until 1941. He was one of the four founding members of the Omega Psi Phi Fraternity – which now has 900 chapters.
With the issuance of this stamp, Just became the 19th honoree of the Black Heritage stamp series, the first of which was released in 1978. Issued annually in February, the stamps celebrate Black History month.