1996 32c Black Heritage: Ernest E. Just

# 3058 - 1996 32c Black Heritage: Ernest E. Just

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US #3058
1996 Earnest E. Just

  • Part of Black Heritage Series
  • Features Just, a marine biologist and professor

Category of Stamp:  Commemorative
Set: 
Black Heritage
Value: 
32¢, First Class Mail rate
First Day of Issue: 
February 1, 1996
First Day City: 
Washington, DC
Quantity Issued: 
92,100,000
Printed by: 
Banknote Corporation of America
Printing Method:
Lithographed
Format: 
Panes of 20 (5 across, 4 down) from plate of 160 (8 across, 20 down)
Perforations: 
11.1

Reason the stamp was issued:  This stamp is the 19th in the Black Heritage series.  It honors marine biologist Earnest E. Just.  It covered the First-Class mail rate.

About the stamp design:  The design for the Earnest Just stamp is based on a photograph taken in 1912 by Washington, DC, photographer Robert Scurlock.  He was known for his photos of prominent Black Americans.  This was the first stamp in the series to use a photo rather than a painting as the image of the stamp.

Special design details:  Unlike previous stamps in the Black Heritage series, this has the word “Biologist” along the right side of the design to identify Just with the work he did.  Early stamps in this series included a small image showing what the person featured was known for. 

First Day City:  The stamp was dedicated at the Howard University Hospital’s Ambulatory Car Building.  Just was a professor at the university, training future doctors.  Just’s daughter and the widow of the photographer who took the photo used for the stamp were both in attendance at the ceremony.

About the Black Heritage Series:  The Black Heritage Series began on February 1, 1978, with the issue of the 13¢ Harriet Tubman stamp (US #1744).  Since then, the USPS has issued a new stamp in the series every year.  A number of them were released in February in recognition of Black History month.  As of 2023, it was the USPS’s longest-running stamp series of all time.

History the stamp represents:  Ernest E. Just was an internationally renowned zoologist, known primarily for his work in marine biology. He did pioneering research in the process of fertilization in marine invertebrates, and in the study of cell surface development in organisms. Just was recognized for his work as the first recipient of the NAACP’s Spingarn Medal, awarded annually to an African-American for outstanding achievement in their field.
Throughout the 1930s Just conducted research in institutes and marine laboratories in Berlin, Paris, and Naples. From 1912 to 1937 he published 50 papers based on his findings, as well as two books: The Biology of the Cell Surface and Basic Methods for Experiments on Eggs of Marine Animals.
Just taught at Howard University from 1907 to 1941, serving as head of the department of physiology at its medical school from 1912 through 1920, and head of the zoology department from 1912 until 1941. He was one of the four founding members of the Omega Psi Phi Fraternity – which now has 900 chapters.
With the issuance of this stamp, Just became the 19th honoree of the Black Heritage stamp series, the first of which was released in 1978.

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US #3058
1996 Earnest E. Just

  • Part of Black Heritage Series
  • Features Just, a marine biologist and professor

Category of Stamp:  Commemorative
Set: 
Black Heritage
Value: 
32¢, First Class Mail rate
First Day of Issue: 
February 1, 1996
First Day City: 
Washington, DC
Quantity Issued: 
92,100,000
Printed by: 
Banknote Corporation of America
Printing Method:
Lithographed
Format: 
Panes of 20 (5 across, 4 down) from plate of 160 (8 across, 20 down)
Perforations: 
11.1

Reason the stamp was issued:  This stamp is the 19th in the Black Heritage series.  It honors marine biologist Earnest E. Just.  It covered the First-Class mail rate.

About the stamp design:  The design for the Earnest Just stamp is based on a photograph taken in 1912 by Washington, DC, photographer Robert Scurlock.  He was known for his photos of prominent Black Americans.  This was the first stamp in the series to use a photo rather than a painting as the image of the stamp.

Special design details:  Unlike previous stamps in the Black Heritage series, this has the word “Biologist” along the right side of the design to identify Just with the work he did.  Early stamps in this series included a small image showing what the person featured was known for. 

First Day City:  The stamp was dedicated at the Howard University Hospital’s Ambulatory Car Building.  Just was a professor at the university, training future doctors.  Just’s daughter and the widow of the photographer who took the photo used for the stamp were both in attendance at the ceremony.

About the Black Heritage Series:  The Black Heritage Series began on February 1, 1978, with the issue of the 13¢ Harriet Tubman stamp (US #1744).  Since then, the USPS has issued a new stamp in the series every year.  A number of them were released in February in recognition of Black History month.  As of 2023, it was the USPS’s longest-running stamp series of all time.

History the stamp represents:  Ernest E. Just was an internationally renowned zoologist, known primarily for his work in marine biology. He did pioneering research in the process of fertilization in marine invertebrates, and in the study of cell surface development in organisms. Just was recognized for his work as the first recipient of the NAACP’s Spingarn Medal, awarded annually to an African-American for outstanding achievement in their field.
Throughout the 1930s Just conducted research in institutes and marine laboratories in Berlin, Paris, and Naples. From 1912 to 1937 he published 50 papers based on his findings, as well as two books: The Biology of the Cell Surface and Basic Methods for Experiments on Eggs of Marine Animals.
Just taught at Howard University from 1907 to 1941, serving as head of the department of physiology at its medical school from 1912 through 1920, and head of the zoology department from 1912 until 1941. He was one of the four founding members of the Omega Psi Phi Fraternity – which now has 900 chapters.
With the issuance of this stamp, Just became the 19th honoree of the Black Heritage stamp series, the first of which was released in 1978.