Series of 1922-25
14¢ American Indian
Issue Date: May 1, 1923
First City: Muskogee, OK and Washington, DC
Issue Quantity: 151,114,177
Printed by: Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Printing Method: Flat plate
Color: Deep blue
Wheels of Progress
In 1847, when the printing presses first began to move, they didn’t roll – they “stamped” in a process known as flat plate printing. The Regular Series of 1922 was the last to be printed by flat plate press, after which stamps were produced by rotary press printing.
By 1926, all denominations up to 10¢ – except the new ½¢ – were printed by rotary press. For a while, $1 to $5 issues were done on flat plate press due to smaller demand.
Hollow Horn Bear
Although the inscription beneath the portrait simply reads "American Indian," this stamp actually pictures Hollow Horn Bear, a Brule Sioux Indian chief. In 1889, as a spokesman for his people, he negotiated several agreements with General George Crook who was attempting to break up the large reservations. He is well-known among American Indians for trying to protect the Indian's basic rights. In 1905 he rode in Teddy Roosevelt's inaugural parade, proudly representing all Indians of the West.