1992 29c NY Stock Exchange

# 2630 - 1992 29c NY Stock Exchange

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US #2630
1992 New York Stock Exchange

  • Issued to commemorate the bicentennial of the Stock Exchange

Category of Stamp:  Commemorative
Value: 
29¢, First-Class Mail rate
First Day of Issue:  May 17, 1992
First Day City: 
New York, New York
Quantity Issued:  148,000,000
Printed by: 
American Bank Note Company
Printing Method/Format: 
Lithographed and Engraved (plates of 160 – 10 across, 16 down), separated into panes of 40 (5 across, 8 down)
Perforations:  11

Reason the stamp was issued:  The stamp was issued to commemorate the 200th anniversary of the signing of the Buttonwood Agreement on May 17, 1792.  A group of brokers and merchants signed an agreement under a buttonwood tree that they would only trade securities with each other and would trade on commission.  This agreement was the basis for the New York Stock Exchange.

About the stamp design:  The New York Stock Exchange stamp was designed to look like a stock certificate, with its border resembling the intricate patterns of those found on the certificates.  The image to the left of the denomination shows the façade of the New York Stock Exchange building in New York City.  To the right, you can see buyers and sellers on the busy trading floor.

Special design details:  The images on the two vignettes are hard to recognize.  One postal official called them “thumbprints.” When viewed under a magnifying glass, the details can be appreciated. 

About the printing process:  The green and red portions of the stamp were printed in offset lithography.  The black images were engraved using a photochemical process like that used in commercial printing.

First Day City:  The stamp dedication took place at Federal Hall National Memorial, as part of a larger celebration of the bicentennial of the New York Stock Exchange.

History the Stamp Represents:

On March 8, 1817, the New York Stock Exchange was established out of a reorganization of stockbrokers working under the Buttonwood Agreement.

America's investment markets were first born in 1790 when the federal government refinanced all state, federal, and Revolutionary War debt.  They issued $80 million in bonds - the first publicly traded securities in America.  In the early days, auctioneers often conducted these trades.

Two years later, on May 17, 1792, a group of 24 brokers and merchants met on New York City’s Wall Street to sign the Buttonwood Agreement.  Signed under a buttonwood tree, the agreement stated that all the men would trade securities on a commission basis.  With this, a .25% commission rate was set that would be charged to all clients.  Additionally, the brokers agreed to only deal with each other, making the auctioneers obsolete in these transactions.

The agreement stated, "We the Subscribers, Brokers for the Purchase and Sale of the Public Stock, do hereby solemnly promise and pledge ourselves to each other, that we will not buy or sell from this day for any person whatsoever, any kind of Public Stock, at a less rate than one quarter percent Commission on the Specie value and that we will give preference to each other in our Negotiations.  In Testimony whereof, we have set our hands this 17th day of May at New York, 1792."

With the end of the War of 1812 in 1815, the securities market in New York City began to grow.  Bank and insurance stocks were added to government bonds as part of the trades.  Two years later, the Buttonwood group sent members to observe the Philadelphia brokers.  Following that, they met on March 8, 1817, and created new guidelines.  Among these was the restriction of manipulative trading.  They also adopted a new name: the New York Stock and Exchange Board (NYS&EB).

In the coming years, the NYS&EB grew, reaching a high of 380,000 shares in 1824.  The following year, New York State bonds helped finance the Erie Canal and were actively traded on the NYS&EB floor.  The NYS&EB hit another milestone in 1830 when it traded its first railroad stock, the Mohawk & Hudson.

The first major drop at the NYS&EB came with the Panic of 1837 when the average daily volume dropped from 7,393 to 1,534 shares in six months. However, the nation recovered and the invention of the telegraph broadened the market's reach beyond New York City in 1844.

After surviving another panic in 1857, the NYS&EB prohibited trade with seceded states at the outbreak of the Civil War.  Then in 1863, the organization changes its name to the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE).

A major innovation came in 1866 with the completion of the first trans-Atlantic cable, providing instant communication between New York and London.   Another breakthrough came the following year when Edward A. Calahan introduced the stock ticker, delivering current prices to investors.  The trading room floor received its first telephone in 1878, about two years after it was invented by Alexander Graham Bell.

The market grew so much that on December 15, 1886, the NYSE had its first of many million-share days.  However, difficult days lay ahead.  The Panic of 1893 saw stock prices drop dramatically, at the same time that 500 banks and 15,000 businesses failed.  Though the economy recovered, a much larger financial disaster was on the horizon.

By the early 1920s, America was in an age of economic prosperity.  Industry was booming, and Americans wanted to be a part of this economic surge.  To accomplish this, they bought common stock on the open market, often borrowing money to do so.  The average cost of each share more than doubled between 1925 and 1929, and market speculation increased.  People purchased stock in hopes of future price increases.

The first clue that the market was overloaded came on October 24, 1929, now known as Black Thursday.  Prices began to enter a slump, and investors became suspicious of a panic.  Prices held Friday and Saturday but fell again Monday.  On Tuesday, October 29th, the day of the stock market crash, more than 16 million shares changed hands. Investors sold stock at far less than they had paid.  Some witnesses said that shares might have even been given away.

It was almost impossible to add up all the losses, as stunned brokers watched stock prices plummet.  In fact, stocks were traded so fast that by the time the final bell sounded at three o’clock, the ticker was four hours behind.  By the end of the day, trading had stabilized, but not in time to save billions of dollars.  Stock values continued to fall steadily for the next three years, though the Great Depression would last much longer.

The market eventually recovered and has had its ups and downs in the decades since.  Today, the NYSE is the world's largest stock exchange, with its trading numbering over $19 trillion.

Click here to view photos of the NYSE through the years.

 

Read More - Click Here

 

US #2630
1992 New York Stock Exchange

  • Issued to commemorate the bicentennial of the Stock Exchange

Category of Stamp:  Commemorative
Value: 
29¢, First-Class Mail rate
First Day of Issue:  May 17, 1992
First Day City: 
New York, New York
Quantity Issued:  148,000,000
Printed by: 
American Bank Note Company
Printing Method/Format: 
Lithographed and Engraved (plates of 160 – 10 across, 16 down), separated into panes of 40 (5 across, 8 down)
Perforations:  11

Reason the stamp was issued:  The stamp was issued to commemorate the 200th anniversary of the signing of the Buttonwood Agreement on May 17, 1792.  A group of brokers and merchants signed an agreement under a buttonwood tree that they would only trade securities with each other and would trade on commission.  This agreement was the basis for the New York Stock Exchange.

About the stamp design:  The New York Stock Exchange stamp was designed to look like a stock certificate, with its border resembling the intricate patterns of those found on the certificates.  The image to the left of the denomination shows the façade of the New York Stock Exchange building in New York City.  To the right, you can see buyers and sellers on the busy trading floor.

Special design details:  The images on the two vignettes are hard to recognize.  One postal official called them “thumbprints.” When viewed under a magnifying glass, the details can be appreciated. 

About the printing process:  The green and red portions of the stamp were printed in offset lithography.  The black images were engraved using a photochemical process like that used in commercial printing.

First Day City:  The stamp dedication took place at Federal Hall National Memorial, as part of a larger celebration of the bicentennial of the New York Stock Exchange.

History the Stamp Represents:

On March 8, 1817, the New York Stock Exchange was established out of a reorganization of stockbrokers working under the Buttonwood Agreement.

America's investment markets were first born in 1790 when the federal government refinanced all state, federal, and Revolutionary War debt.  They issued $80 million in bonds - the first publicly traded securities in America.  In the early days, auctioneers often conducted these trades.

Two years later, on May 17, 1792, a group of 24 brokers and merchants met on New York City’s Wall Street to sign the Buttonwood Agreement.  Signed under a buttonwood tree, the agreement stated that all the men would trade securities on a commission basis.  With this, a .25% commission rate was set that would be charged to all clients.  Additionally, the brokers agreed to only deal with each other, making the auctioneers obsolete in these transactions.

The agreement stated, "We the Subscribers, Brokers for the Purchase and Sale of the Public Stock, do hereby solemnly promise and pledge ourselves to each other, that we will not buy or sell from this day for any person whatsoever, any kind of Public Stock, at a less rate than one quarter percent Commission on the Specie value and that we will give preference to each other in our Negotiations.  In Testimony whereof, we have set our hands this 17th day of May at New York, 1792."

With the end of the War of 1812 in 1815, the securities market in New York City began to grow.  Bank and insurance stocks were added to government bonds as part of the trades.  Two years later, the Buttonwood group sent members to observe the Philadelphia brokers.  Following that, they met on March 8, 1817, and created new guidelines.  Among these was the restriction of manipulative trading.  They also adopted a new name: the New York Stock and Exchange Board (NYS&EB).

In the coming years, the NYS&EB grew, reaching a high of 380,000 shares in 1824.  The following year, New York State bonds helped finance the Erie Canal and were actively traded on the NYS&EB floor.  The NYS&EB hit another milestone in 1830 when it traded its first railroad stock, the Mohawk & Hudson.

The first major drop at the NYS&EB came with the Panic of 1837 when the average daily volume dropped from 7,393 to 1,534 shares in six months. However, the nation recovered and the invention of the telegraph broadened the market's reach beyond New York City in 1844.

After surviving another panic in 1857, the NYS&EB prohibited trade with seceded states at the outbreak of the Civil War.  Then in 1863, the organization changes its name to the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE).

A major innovation came in 1866 with the completion of the first trans-Atlantic cable, providing instant communication between New York and London.   Another breakthrough came the following year when Edward A. Calahan introduced the stock ticker, delivering current prices to investors.  The trading room floor received its first telephone in 1878, about two years after it was invented by Alexander Graham Bell.

The market grew so much that on December 15, 1886, the NYSE had its first of many million-share days.  However, difficult days lay ahead.  The Panic of 1893 saw stock prices drop dramatically, at the same time that 500 banks and 15,000 businesses failed.  Though the economy recovered, a much larger financial disaster was on the horizon.

By the early 1920s, America was in an age of economic prosperity.  Industry was booming, and Americans wanted to be a part of this economic surge.  To accomplish this, they bought common stock on the open market, often borrowing money to do so.  The average cost of each share more than doubled between 1925 and 1929, and market speculation increased.  People purchased stock in hopes of future price increases.

The first clue that the market was overloaded came on October 24, 1929, now known as Black Thursday.  Prices began to enter a slump, and investors became suspicious of a panic.  Prices held Friday and Saturday but fell again Monday.  On Tuesday, October 29th, the day of the stock market crash, more than 16 million shares changed hands. Investors sold stock at far less than they had paid.  Some witnesses said that shares might have even been given away.

It was almost impossible to add up all the losses, as stunned brokers watched stock prices plummet.  In fact, stocks were traded so fast that by the time the final bell sounded at three o’clock, the ticker was four hours behind.  By the end of the day, trading had stabilized, but not in time to save billions of dollars.  Stock values continued to fall steadily for the next three years, though the Great Depression would last much longer.

The market eventually recovered and has had its ups and downs in the decades since.  Today, the NYSE is the world's largest stock exchange, with its trading numbering over $19 trillion.

Click here to view photos of the NYSE through the years.