1860 30c Franklin, orange

# 38 - 1860 30c Franklin, orange

$350.00 - $1,150.00
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725685
Used Red Cancel small flaws Ships in 1-3 business days. Ships in 1-3 business days.
$ 360.00
$ 360.00
0
329282
Mint Stamp(s) Usually ships within 60 days. Usually ships within 60 days.
$ 1,150.00
$ 1,150.00
1
329287
Used Single Stamp(s) Ships in 1-3 business days. Ships in 1-3 business days.
$ 575.00
$ 575.00
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Unused Stamp(s) small flaws Ships in 1-3 business days. Ships in 1-3 business days.
$ 750.00
$ 750.00
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Used Stamp(s) small flaws Ships in 1-3 business days. Ships in 1-3 business days.
$ 350.00
$ 350.00
4
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U.S. #38

1860 Franklin

 

  • Part of the first perforated series of US stamps
  • Generally used for letters to Germany, France and Italy and to cover higher postal rates for packages, in combination with other stamps

Stamp Category:  Definitive
Series:  1857-61 Issue
Value:  30c
Earliest Documented Use:  August 8, 1860
Printed by:  Toppan, Carpenter & Co.
Quantity printed:   356,000 (estimate) 
Format:  Printed in sheets of 200 stamps, divided into vertical panes of 100 each
Printing Method:  Engraving
Perforations:  15½
Color:  Orange

Why the stamp was issued:  The Act of April, 1855 increased the rate for any domestic letter weighing up to one-half ounce and sent over 3000 miles from six to ten cents.  The rate increase helped pay for the cost of building railroads and transporting the mail such a great distance across the continent.  Many of the stamps were used to frank letters going to and from to California.  The 30c issue was most often used on letters up to a half ounce to Germany, France and Italy.  It was also used along with stamps of other denominations to pay a higher postal rate on packages. 

About the printing:  The design is engraved on a die – a small, flat piece of steel.  The design is copied to a transfer roll – a blank roll of steel.  Several impressions or “reliefs” are made on the roll.  The reliefs are transferred to the plate – a large, flat piece of steel from which the stamps are printed.  

 

About the design:  The image of Benjamin Franklin on #38 is based on a bust by Giuseppe Ceracchi sculpted a year after Franklin’s death.  According to archeologist, artist, and independent researcher Pamela Ehrlich, Cerrachi’s bust of Franklin was based on one sculpted by Jean-Jacques Caffieri in 1777.  Franklin posed for the Caffieri sculpture while in Paris in 1777 to enlist France’s aid in fighting the American Revolution.   

 

The 30c Franklin stamp was originally planned to be printed in black.  The color was changed due to the difficulty of seeing the cancel on the black stamp. 

 

About the 1857-61 Series:  In July, 1851 – 1c, 3c, and 12c stamps were issued.  The new stamps met reduced postal rates passed by act of Congress on March 3 of the same year.  Further changes in postage rates appeared in the Act of March 3, 1855, leading to 10c (1855) and 5c (1856) denominations being added to the series.  Stamps of the same designs as the 1851-57 Imperforate Series (plus new denominations of 24c, 30c, and 90c) were issued as part of the Series of 1857-61, the first perforated U.S. stamps.  The entire series is known for having narrow margins.  This is because the perforations took up room normally given to the designs. 

 

History the stamp represents:  #38 was part of the first series of perforated U.S. postage stamps.  When the world’s first postage stamps were issued, no provision was made for separating the stamps from one another.  Post office clerks and stamp users merely cut these “imperforates” apart with scissors or tore them along the edge of a metal rule.  A device was needed which would separate the stamps more easily and accurately. 

In 1847, Irishman Henry Archer patented a machine that punched holes horizontally and vertically between rows of stamps.  Now stamps could be separated without cutting.  Perforations also enabled stamps to adhere better to envelopes.  Archer sold his invention to the British Treasury in 1853.  That same year, Great Britain produced its first perforated stamps.  It wasn’t long before the U.S. decided to make use of the new method of producing stamps with perforations, resulting in the Series of 1857-61.

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U.S. #38

1860 Franklin

 

  • Part of the first perforated series of US stamps
  • Generally used for letters to Germany, France and Italy and to cover higher postal rates for packages, in combination with other stamps

Stamp Category:  Definitive
Series:  1857-61 Issue
Value:  30c
Earliest Documented Use:  August 8, 1860
Printed by:  Toppan, Carpenter & Co.
Quantity printed:   356,000 (estimate) 
Format:  Printed in sheets of 200 stamps, divided into vertical panes of 100 each
Printing Method:  Engraving
Perforations:  15½
Color:  Orange

Why the stamp was issued:  The Act of April, 1855 increased the rate for any domestic letter weighing up to one-half ounce and sent over 3000 miles from six to ten cents.  The rate increase helped pay for the cost of building railroads and transporting the mail such a great distance across the continent.  Many of the stamps were used to frank letters going to and from to California.  The 30c issue was most often used on letters up to a half ounce to Germany, France and Italy.  It was also used along with stamps of other denominations to pay a higher postal rate on packages. 

About the printing:  The design is engraved on a die – a small, flat piece of steel.  The design is copied to a transfer roll – a blank roll of steel.  Several impressions or “reliefs” are made on the roll.  The reliefs are transferred to the plate – a large, flat piece of steel from which the stamps are printed.  

 

About the design:  The image of Benjamin Franklin on #38 is based on a bust by Giuseppe Ceracchi sculpted a year after Franklin’s death.  According to archeologist, artist, and independent researcher Pamela Ehrlich, Cerrachi’s bust of Franklin was based on one sculpted by Jean-Jacques Caffieri in 1777.  Franklin posed for the Caffieri sculpture while in Paris in 1777 to enlist France’s aid in fighting the American Revolution.   

 

The 30c Franklin stamp was originally planned to be printed in black.  The color was changed due to the difficulty of seeing the cancel on the black stamp. 

 

About the 1857-61 Series:  In July, 1851 – 1c, 3c, and 12c stamps were issued.  The new stamps met reduced postal rates passed by act of Congress on March 3 of the same year.  Further changes in postage rates appeared in the Act of March 3, 1855, leading to 10c (1855) and 5c (1856) denominations being added to the series.  Stamps of the same designs as the 1851-57 Imperforate Series (plus new denominations of 24c, 30c, and 90c) were issued as part of the Series of 1857-61, the first perforated U.S. stamps.  The entire series is known for having narrow margins.  This is because the perforations took up room normally given to the designs. 

 

History the stamp represents:  #38 was part of the first series of perforated U.S. postage stamps.  When the world’s first postage stamps were issued, no provision was made for separating the stamps from one another.  Post office clerks and stamp users merely cut these “imperforates” apart with scissors or tore them along the edge of a metal rule.  A device was needed which would separate the stamps more easily and accurately. 

In 1847, Irishman Henry Archer patented a machine that punched holes horizontally and vertically between rows of stamps.  Now stamps could be separated without cutting.  Perforations also enabled stamps to adhere better to envelopes.  Archer sold his invention to the British Treasury in 1853.  That same year, Great Britain produced its first perforated stamps.  It wasn’t long before the U.S. decided to make use of the new method of producing stamps with perforations, resulting in the Series of 1857-61.