2010 44¢ Holiday Evergreens
Issue Date: October 21, 2010
City: New York, NY
Printed By: Banknote Corporation of America
Printing Method: Offset, Microprint "USPS"
The 2010 Holiday Evergreens stamps are the first holiday-themed U.S. Forever stamps.
Americans who enjoy the warm glow of a decorated Christmas tree on cozy winter nights may credit the people of Germany.
According to tradition, Christmas trees were part of a Teutonic ritual. Because its foliage remained green even in the dead of winter, the Germanic tribe believed evergreens represented eternal life.
Much like St. Patrick and the clover leaf, Saint Boniface, the patron saint of Germany, is said to have used the triangular shape of the Christmas tree to explain the concept of the Trinity.
One of the first public Christmas trees was erected by German settlers in Pennsylvania in the early 1800s. Fruits, nuts, flowers, candles, and baked ornaments adorned the trees.
The weight of the ornaments caused weaker branches to droop, prompting enterprising German glassblowers to produce lightweight glass balls for decorations. In 1882, Thomas Edison’s assistant, Edward Johnson, suggested electric lights to replace the dangerous candles.
Department stores and churches began to erect large, illuminated holiday trees around the turn of the century. Today, public tree-lightings signal the beginning of the holiday season in many cities around the world.
First U.S. Forever Stamp Issued
On April 12, 2007, the USPS issued its first Forever stamp, which featured a patriotic image of the Liberty Bell.
The USPS has issued non-denominated postage in the past. In 1975, they were unsure when and how much the postage might increase, so they issued that year’s Christmas stamps without denominations. That saved them from having to print hundreds of millions of stamps with a new denomination. The rate increase, from 10¢ to 13¢, occurred just after Christmas.
As postal costs increased, the USPS began to increase their rates for the various classes of mail. Before becoming effective however, these rate increases had to be submitted to the Postal Rate Commission (PRC) for approval. Often, the PRC would take as much as a year conducting studies and compiling data before accepting or rejecting the changes. If the rate increase was approved, the postal service then had to rush to design and produce the new stamps.
In 1975, after the rate had changed from 10¢ to 13¢, the postal service printed a new non-denominated stamp so it would be ready and waiting for the next rate change. The letter “A” was used to represent the unknown rate, so the stamps could meet customer demand until new definitives bearing the actual rate were printed. When the rate increased in 1978 from 13¢ to 15¢, the first letter rate change stamps, #1735, 1736, and 1743, were put into use.
For more than two decades, the USPS continued to produce these “alphabet” stamps, with the final H-rate stamps being issued in the early 2000s. Other non-alphabet rate-change stamps would be issued during this period as well.
Then in 2006, the USPS requested permission to create a new type of non-denominated stamp, similar to what the United Kingdom had done. The UK had begun producing stamps with “1st” and “2nd” (as in classes of mail), rather than denominations. These new “Forever” stamps, as they called them, would be valid for first-class postage. Customers would be able to purchase Forever stamps at the current first-class postage rate and use them anytime in the future, regardless of rate increases. If successful, it would prevent the need for rate-change stamps, making things easier for both the USPS and mailers.
The first Forever stamp was unveiled to the public on March 26, 2007. And it went on sale shortly thereafter, on April 12, 2007. The First Day ceremony was held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, which was fitting since the stamp pictured the Liberty Bell.
For several years, the Liberty Bell was the only Forever stamp, and other stamps of the time were issued with the current denominations. In 2010, the USPS released a new Forever stamp, picturing pinecones on evergreen trees. And two months later, they issued the Lady Liberty and Flag Forever stamps.
Then in 2011, the USPS began issuing all first-class stamps with the Forever designation. In 2013, they began producing Global Forever stamps for first-class international mail. And in 2015, the Forever concept was applied to postcard stamps, non-machinable surcharge stamps, and two and three ounce stamps.