2012 45¢ Battle of New Orleans
Civil War: 1862
Issue Date: April 24, 2012
City: New Orleans, LA
Printed By: Ashton Potter
Printing Method: Offset
Perforations: Die cut 11
The Civil War Series stamps were issued to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the War between the States.
As Civil War loomed, General Winfield Scott presented a blueprint for a Union victory. Part of Scott’s “Anaconda Plan” called for dividing the Confederacy by seizing control of the Mississippi River. New Orleans, the largest and most important city in the South, stood directly in the path.
New Orleans was the jewel of the South and unequaled in its economic, military, and political power. Some 33 different steamship lines operated out of the port city, carrying $500 million worth of trade each year. New Orleans was protected by Forts Jackson and St. Philip, which guarded the entrance to Lake Pontchartrain, 70 miles south of the city.
On April 18, 1862, Flag Officer David G. Farragut and his West Gulf Blockading Squadron began his assault on New Orleans. For 10 days, Farragut’s fleet bombarded and fought past the forts, eventually getting 13 ships up the river on April 24th.
Upon reaching New Orleans, the Union ships were able to fire directly into the city because the levee system made the water around New Orleans higher than the city. Confederate forces crumbled under the thunderous fire of the Federal gunboats. With the capture of New Orleans, the Union isolated the city from foreign aid, took control of the Mississippi River, and helped seal the Confederacy’s fate.