1930 2¢ Carolina-Charleston Issue
Issue Date: April 10, 1930
First City: Charleston, SC
Quantity Issued: 25,215,574
Commemorates the 260th anniversary of the founding of the Province of Carolina and the 250th anniversary of the establishment of the city of Charleston.
Charleston, South Carolina
King Charles II of England granted charters to territory in South Carolina to eight of his loyal friends in 1663. Seven years passed before the group, which was known as the lords proprietors, sent the first colonists to settle along the coast of South Carolina. The English settlers selected a spot where the Ashley and Cooper rivers fed into the ocean. According to a legend handed down through the years, a friendly Indian chief named Shadoo invited the colonists to settle at a site across the river from the city’s current location in 1670.
Settlers of the small town moved across the river to Charleston’s present location in 1672, and the port town became a bustling trade center. The wealthiest city south of Philadelphia, Charleston was the capital city of South Carolina from 1670-1790, as well as the cultural and economic center of the South.
The colonists’ relationship with England had been severely strained and deteriorated further as the War of Independence loomed. As one of the southernmost English settlements, Charleston became a focal point in the American Revolution. In 1774, South Carolina declared its independence from the crown on the steps of Charleston’s Exchange and Custom House. A 1776 siege on the city was defended by William Moultrie in Charleston Harbor’s Sullivan Island. In spite of that victory, the city came under British control for more than two years.
Charleston prospered in the post-Revolutionary years. However, the South Carolina legislature was the first state to vote for secession from the Union. On January 9, 1861, cadets from Charleston’s military academy, The Citadel, fired the first shots of the American Civil War when they opened fire on a Union ship entering the harbor to bring supplies to Fort Sumter.
Although the city suffered widespread devastation during the Civil War, Charleston recovered its former prosperity and is a popular tourist destination today.