1934 6¢ Crater Lake
National Parks Issue
Issue Date: September 5, 1934
First City: Crater Lake, OR
Quantity Issued: 16,923,350
As a stamp collector, President Franklin D. Roosevelt personally oversaw the selection of stamp subjects and designs during his administration. As Roosevelt was reviewing suggestions for the 1934 schedule, Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes saw an opportunity to advertise the national park system. Ickes felt many Americans were unaware the federal government had set aside vast amounts of land for their enjoyment and for future generations. At his suggestion, 1934 had been declared National Parks Year. Ickes now proposed the legacy of the national parks be portrayed on postage stamps to give people a glimpse of their diversity and natural beauty. FDR approved the idea immediately, and ten parks were chosen, each to be pictured on a different denomination ranging from 1¢ to 10¢.
Crater Lake – the Deepest Lake in the United States
Crater Lake is the deepest lake in the United States, the second-deepest lake in the Western Hemisphere, and the seventh-deepest lake in the world. It has an average depth of 1,500 feet and a maximum depth of 1,932 feet. The lake is known for its incredibly blue water and stunning beauty. This stamp features an attractive view of the lake with Wizard Island at its center.
Crater Lake National Park is located in the Cascade Mountain Range. The park contains about 250 square miles of land. It was created by President Theodore Roosevelt on May 22, 1902, making it the fifth-oldest national park.
Geologists believe Crater Lake was formed after a volcano, referred to today as Mount Mazama, collapsed. This volcano had erupted with a blast 42 times more powerful than the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens. The top 5,000 feet of volcano collapsed, and the bottom was sealed by lava flows. This basin, more accurately called a “cadera,” filled with about 4.6 trillion gallons of water.