1937 3¢ Constitution Sesquicentennial
Issue Date: September 17, 1937
First City: Philadelphia, PA
Quantity Issued: 99,882,300
Based on the same principles as the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution of the United States provides for a system of checks and balances among the three branches of the government.
The Birth of the United States Constitution
The Constitutional Convention was held in Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The convention was supposed to open on May 4, 1787, but very few delegates had arrived by that time.
On May 25th, the convention officially opened. Twelve states sent representatives – Rhode Island did not wish to have a national government. On September 17, 1787, 39 of the 55 delegates signed the United States Constitution. Less than three months later, Delaware became the first state to ratify the document, and other states soon followed.
However, North Carolina and Rhode Island refused to approve the Constitution until amendments protecting the rights of all people were added. As a result, 10 amendments, known as the Bill of Rights, were added to the Constitution on December 15, 1791.
The U.S. Constitution establishes our nation’s fundamental laws. It creates the form of the national government, and defines the rights and liberties of the American people. It also determines the goals of the U.S. government and how they should be achieved.