3¢ Gadsden Purchase
Issue Date: December 30, 1953
City: Tucson, AZ
Printed By: Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Printing Method: Rotary press
Perforations: 11 x 10.5
Color: Copper brown
U.S. #1028 was issued to mark the centennial of the 1853 Gadsden Purchase, which added a strip of land along the U.S.-Mexico border.
The Gadsden Purchase
Shortly after the conclusion of the Mexican War in 1848, the exact boundary between the United States and Mexico came into dispute. In order to peacefully settle this dispute, the U.S. purchased a strip of border land from Mexico. This land was very desirable to the U.S. railroad interests, as it provided a good southern route to the Pacific Coast.
The Gadsden Purchase was named after the American who arranged the deal, famous South Carolinian James Gadsden. At the time, Gadsden was serving as the U.S. minister to Mexico. He was born in Charleston, South Carolina.
The U.S. paid $10 million for the 29,640 square miles of land. Gadsden negotiated the purchase with Antonio López de Santa Anna, the Mexican president. The treaty of sale for the Gadsden Purchase was signed December 30, 1853, and the two countries exchanged ratifications of this treaty on June 30, 1854. Mexican opposition to the sale was one of the contributing factors in Santa Anna’s banishment in 1855.